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Bible Stories

Creating Adam & Eve: A Midrashic Interpretation

animation video 11 minutes 21 seconds

The creation of Man takes us back to the distant past. Paleontologists, pre-historians and all the world’s ethnic groups and religions have theories on how Man first came into being.
Here I focus on the Biblical renderings of Creation.
There are two versions of the Creation of Man in the Bible: Genesis 1: 27, and Genesis 2: 7, 2: 21-22. Additionally, there are numerous Midrashim -traditional rabbinic interpretive literature- explaining and expanding on the Biblical descriptions.
In this work, I have chosen to illustrate several Midrashim which relate to the Creation of Man and Woman. Some of these conflict with the Biblical version. An example is the story of Lilith, Adam’s first wife according to some Midrashim. Others refer to contradictory renderings of the actual formation of Adam and of Eve, and to the progression of developments between instilling the soul versus producing the body.
I have modelled ceramic figurines and using stop motion animation, have told the stories of the Biblical creation of humankind, together with enrichments and alternatives offered by selected Midrashim.

Cain & Abel: A Midrashic Interpretation

animation video 11 minutes

Cain and Abel is an animation video based on selected midrashim. Midrashim are Rabbinic literature which expounds on stories in the Bible. Often the midrash will offer a different, maybe contradictory, interpretation or insight to the Biblical text.

I have chosen the format of animation for a series of videos based on midrashic interpretations of familiar Biblical stories. I built the figurines out of different coloured clays, and used other props. The medium is simple, basic, and even child-like, but the subject is deep and serious.


animation video 3 minutes

We read in the Bible, Exodus 12, 37-38:

לז: וַיִּסְעוּ בְנֵי-יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵרַעְמְסֵס, סֻכֹּתָה, כְּשֵׁשׁ-מֵאוֹת אֶלֶף רַגְלִי הַגְּבָרִים, לְבַד מִטָּף.

37. And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, beside children.
לח: וְגַם-עֵרֶב רַב, עָלָה אִתָּם, וְצֹאן וּבָקָר, מִקְנֶה כָּבֵד מְאֹד.

38. And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

I have taken the number 600,000 as my title, as mentioned here in verse 37, although it is clear that this refers only to the men, and Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo Yitzachi, the renowned Bible commentator from the Middle Ages) on this verse, explains that it refers to men aged 20 and older. That means that altogether, including the women, children and the “mixed multitude” (which Rashi describes as nations of proselytes) of the next verse, the number leaving Egypt was probably closer to 2.5 million people, and in addition many sheep and cattle.
Imagining this great multitude setting out from Egypt together, I have created here an animation video of masses of people, interspersed with many sheep and cattle, all seen from above and all moving determinedly in the same direction, passing through a canyon in the Sinai desert, on their way to freedom at last.